more Lincolnshire info

Horncastle has a niche, too, in English literature; for George Borrow's Romany Rye has several chapters telling of his experiences after he had wended his way to this "small town, seemingly ancient and crowded with people and horses." Fascinating chapters they are, too, telling how he sold his fine steed at the horse fair and of "half a dozen cautions" from the Boston at the inn v ho the previous night had in- formed him that his master was busy drinking wine with some of the grand gentry and couldn't be disturbed "for the sake of the like of you"; and of the evening he spent listening to the extraordinary tales of the jockey from Suft'olk and the gentleman from Hungary. Busy with much trafhc to and from the North Sea coast, Horn- castle stands on the banks of the River Bain and the Warning, and their meeting forms the horn-like tongue of’ land from which the town takes part of its name. The Romans built here a strong fort enclosing an area 600 feet long and more than half as wide, and they called it Banovallum, the walled place on the Bain. Among the relics found are coins of the time of Vestavia; but from the finding of British urns hereabouts it is believed that there was a settlement long before the Romans came. Portions of Roman walling still exist in the found dations of a building in a coal-merchant's yard at South Bridge and there is also a long stretch skirting an alley at the south-west corner of the churchyard; other portions, six or seven feet high, are in the walls of a school close by. It was in the autumn of 1643 that Horncastle became involved in the Civil War. The Cavaliers were besieging Hull, and the Round- heads advanced to its relief from Boston, besieging Bolingbrook Castle by the way. Fairfax had occupied Horncastle for Parliament, but 75 troops of Cavaliers and 5000 foot soldiers were coming from Lincoln to check the Parliament men, so Fairfax fell back and con- cent rated with Cromv'ell, who had 37 troops of horse with about 6000 foot. The battle, however, was determined by the horsemen. They met at the hamlet, of Wincey, on the high ground between Horncastle and Spilsby. Though his men and horses were weary after their travels, Cromwell charged at once. The royal dragoons fired two volleys, the last at pistol-shot distance, and then the Ironsides were upon them. Cronnvell had his horse shot dead under him and. on struggling to his feet, he was charged again by Sir Ingram Holton, a doughty Cavalier, who called on him to surrender. They were swept asunder, hoverer, and Cromwell, seizing another horse, joined in a second charge which sent the Cavaliers helter-skelter throw Horncastle and Lincoln, only to drive rein when they reached Newark. At once Bolingbrook surrendered, the Royalists raised the siege at Hull, and; ill Lincolnshire became a Parliamentary recruiting round. The Winceby battle, in which well came so near to death, had sealed his fame.  More info about Grimsby Lincolnshire

 

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